Researchers and enthusiasts across the internet have met the news enthusiastically, with some proclaiming that AlphaFold has solved the "protein solving problem." But what does that mean, exactly? And how do we stand to benefit from it?
To start answering these questions, we need to take a closer look at the proteins themselves. As your biology teacher might have said, proteins are the building blocks of life, responsible for countless functions inside and outside the human body. Each one starts as a series of amino acids strung together into a chain, but it doesn't take long -- sometimes just milliseconds --